【PTE学术干货】最新高频Retell lecture精析 （二）
🐟 Shy fish 🐟
这段内容来自Scientific American 60 seconds节目，
When you think of a leader, you may think of an individual who is above all bold. But a new study of fish called sticklebacks shows that shy individuals actually prefer to follow fish that are similarly timid.
Researchers had trios of sticklebacks with known personalities play follow the leader. The fish were placed in a tank that had some plastic plants at one end and some food hidden at the other. In some of the groups, a bold fish and a shy fish acted as leaders, while another shy fish followed. And in other groups, it was a bold fish that did the following. The researchers recorded whether the follower sallied forth more frequently with the fish that was behaviorally similar or the one that was different.
What they found is that shy fish were more likely to emerge from under cover when an equally wary fellow was already out there. Bold follower fish did not seem to care which leader they followed.
Of course, no matter which fish a stickleback chose to stick with, the bold fish did lead more expeditions over the course of the experiment than their more retiring friends. That’s because the bold fish initiated more trips, regardless of who might be tailing them. The findings are in the journal Biology Letters.
The researchers write that “when offered a choice of leaders, sticklebacks prefer to follow individuals whose personality matches their own, but bolder individuals may, nevertheless, be able to impose their leadership, even among shy followers, simply through greater effort.” We may soon see if such tendencies also hold true in humans, when Americans decide who they’ll follow in November. Unless, of course, something fishy happens.
Hidden food 藏起来的食物
Sally forth 冲出，冲上前
Offer a choice 给予的选项
Fishy adj. 虚假的，不诚信的
The recent research shows that…
The fish called stickleback…
Shy individuals tend to follow leaders with similar personality.
Three groups of fish were recorded…
Shy fish tends to follow similarly timid fish,
While bold fish doesn’t care which leader they follow.
Bold fish tends to initiate more expeditions, therefore, they tend to lead more trips than timid fish.
If this characteristic applies to human, in November (暗示美国大选) people will decide who to follow unless something fishy happens.