• 小果

CCL每周单词拓展巩固计划(四)——消化道系统

亲爱的同学们~

不知道大家有没有认真学我们的医疗类单词呢?

温故而知新,一定要多多复习呀!

还是老样子,同学们可以先来复习一下上周小柠檬给大家带来的:(戳下方链接查看详情)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(一)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(二)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(三)


这周小柠檬也持续给大家带来我们的CCL拓展之医疗类词汇(四):

Mission Impossible 南波佛——

 消化道系统 

 Digestive system 


以下词汇有一定的相似度,读音相近或者意思相近,极容易造成翻译错误:

- 1 -

Gluten 麸质

vs

Lactose 乳糖

vs

Glucose 葡萄糖

例句:

- Gluten is a general name for the proteins found in wheat.

- Lactose intolerance is common and can cause a wide range of symptoms.

Glucose, or blood sugar, is key to keeping the body in top shape.


- 2 -

Bile 胆汁

vs

Gall bladder 胆囊

例句:

- The bitter, yellow liquid produced by the liver that helps to digest fat.

- The bile is stored inside gall bladder.


- 3 -

Gum 牙龈/牙床

vs 

Gingiva 牙龈 ; Gingivitis 牙龈炎

例句:

- Gum pain is common but can often be treated at home

- Gingivitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the gums.


- 4 -

Liver 肝脏

vs 

Hepatic 肝脏的

例句:

- Liver is one of the most important organs in body.

- According to his test result, his hepatic function has returned to normal.


- 5 -

Kidney 肾脏

vs 

Renal 肾脏的

例句:

- Many diseases affect the kidneys, most commonly diabetes.

- Renal failure is also known as end-stage kidney disease.


- 6 -

Stool 粪便(医)

vs 

Feces 粪便

例句:

- In the medical literature, the term "stool" is more commonly used than "feces".

- Human feces are the solid or semisolid remains of the food.


- 7 -

Stomach 胃(医)

vs 

Abdominal 下腹部

例句:

- Stomach cramps are often due to bloating and trapped wind.

- Abdominal pain is pain felt anywhere from below your ribs to your pelvis.


- 8 -

Ache 持续的疼痛,隐隐作痛

vs

Pain 疼痛 

例句:

- Ache is a continuous pain that is unpleasant but not very strong

- Chronic pain is often defined as any pain lasting more than 12 weeks.


- 9 -

Nausea 恶心

vs

Vomit 呕吐

例句:

- Nausea is pronounced stomach discomfort and the sensation of wanting to vomit.

- I vomited this morning.


- 10 -

Spleen 脾脏

vs

Pancreas 胰脏

例句:

- The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection.

- The pancreas would produce the hormones insulin and glucagon to regulate blood sugar.


常见肠胃不适症状介绍


Condition

病名


反酸;烧心

Acid Reflux;

Heartburn


Mechanism of disease

病因


Acid reflux is also known as heartburn, acid indigestion, or pyrosis. It happens when some of the acidic stomach contents go back up into the esophagus.

反酸和烧心是由于胃酸反流进入食道造成的


 Treatment

治疗方法


Antacid

抗酸剂


Condition

病名


便秘

Constipation


Mechanism of disease

病因


Constipation refers to abnormally infrequent bowel motions and/or pain or difficulty when passing small, hard stools.

便秘是由于肠道蠕动减少造成排便困难


 Treatment

治疗方法


Increase Fibers in diet

增加膳食粗纤维

Laxative

轻泻剂


Condition

病名


腹泻

Diarrhea


Mechanism of disease

病因


Diarrhea is loose, watery stools (bowel movements)

腹泻是稀松,成水状的排便


 Treatment

治疗方法


Antidiarrheal agent,

eg Gastro-stop

止泻药

例如:

Gastro-stop


Condition

病名


胀气

Bloat


Mechanism of disease

病因


Bloating is a common digestive problem,   usually caused by certain foods and ingredients.

肠道胀气一般是由食物不适引起的


 Treatment

治疗方法


Simethicone ,

eg De-gas

西甲矽油

例如:

De-gas


Condition

病名


恶心呕吐

Nausea /

Vomiting


Mechanism of disease

病因


Nausea or vomiting may be caused by food   poisoning or, gastritis.

恶心呕吐一般是由食物中毒或肠胃炎引起的


 Treatment

治疗方法


Antiemetic medicine

止呕药

info@bingolearning.com.au

301/1 Queens Road,

Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia

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