• 小果

CCL每周单词拓展巩固计划(五)——皮肤和过敏

小柠檬自从学了笔果CCL医疗类单词

感觉自己也像成了半个医生一样呢!

嘻嘻嘻嘻嘻~

还是老样子,同学们可以先来复习一下上周小柠檬给大家带来的:(戳下方链接查看详情)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(一)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(二)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(三)

【笔果CCL每周复习计划】医疗类(四) 


Mission Impossible 南波5——

 皮肤和过敏 

Skin and allergy


以下词汇有一定的相似度,读音相近或者意思相近,极容易造成翻译错误:

- 1 -

Hives 麻疹

vs

Rash 皮疹

例句:

- Hives, medically known as urticaria, are red, itchy, raised welts on the skin that appear in varying shapes and sizes.

- A rash is a reaction in which the skin develops an abnormal texture and other features, such as pain, itching, and fluid discharge.


- 2 -

Dermatitis 皮炎

vs

Eczema 湿疹

例句:

- Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin.

- Eczema, is a rash that primarily occurs in people with asthma or allergies.


- 3 -

Atopic 异位性

vs 

Atypical 非典型

例句:

- Unlike contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis is not a localized rash or irritation of the skin caused by contact with a foreign substance.

- Atypical moles are unusual benign moles that may resemble melanoma.


- 4 -

Hayfever 花粉症

vs 

Fever 高烧

例句:

- Hayfever is often confused with the common cold.

- A fever can be a sign that the body is fighting an infection.


- 5 -

Chickenpox 水痘

vs 

Measles 麻疹

例句:

- Varicella vaccine, also known as chickenpox vaccine, is a vaccine that protects against chickenpox.

- Measles vaccine was initially used in children as young as 9 months of age.


- 6 -

Anaphylaxis 休克性过敏反应

vs 

Shock 休克

例句:

- Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening allergic response.

- Shock is a life-threatening medical emergency and it is important to get help right away.


- 7 -

Allergen 过敏原

vs 

Antigen 抗原

例句:

- Allergen is a substance that triggers an allergic reaction in a person who’s sensitive to it.

- Antigen is a substance, usually a protein, which your body perceives as foreign.


- 8 -

Mold allergy 霉菌过敏

vs 

Dust mite allergy 尘螨过敏

vs 

Pollen allergy 花粉过敏

例句:

-The dust in your home may contain pet hair and dander, mold or pollen spores, and dust miteor cockroach body parts and droppings, all of which are common allergens.


- 9 -

Sinusitis 鼻窦炎

vs 

Rhinitis 鼻炎

例句:

- Sinusitis is swelling of the sinuses, usually caused by an infection or allergy.

- Rhinitis means inflammation of the lining of the nose.


- 10 -

Food intolerance, eg Lactose intolerance

食物不耐受,例如乳糖不耐受

vs 

Food allergy, eg peanut allergy

食物过敏,例如花生过敏

例句:

- Food intolerance is an adverse reaction by the body to ingested foods or chemicals not involving the immune system.

- Food allergy is an adverse reaction to foods such as peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, egg, soy, wheat, sesame and cow’s milk that involves the immune system.


Condition

病名

过敏性荨麻疹

Hives;Urticaria

Mechanism of disease

病因

Hives, also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps.

荨麻疹俗称风疹块,表现为皮肤痒,且呈现红肿凸起的小包

Treatment

治疗方法

Antihistamine

抗组胺剂


Condition

病名

湿疹;皮炎

Eczema;dermatitis

Mechanism of disease

病因

Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough.

湿疹表现症状为皮肤呈现块状发炎,瘙痒,红肿,开裂,并且触摸有粗糙

Treatment

治疗方法

corticoste-

roid cream

皮質類固醇软膏


Condition

病名

粉刺

Acne

Mechanism of disease

病因

Acne occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.

粉刺的产生原因是由于毛囊被死皮细胞和油脂堵住

Treatment

治疗方法

Oral and topical antibiotics

口服和外用的抗生素


Condition

病名

水痘

Chickenpox

Mechanism of disease

病因

Chickenpox, also called varicella, is characterized by itchy red blisters that appear all over the body.

水痘是一种由病毒引起的皮肤病

Treatment

治疗方法

Chickenpox vaccine

水痘疫苗


Condition

病名

麻疹

Measles

Mechanism of disease

病因

Measles is an infectious disease caused by the rubella virus.

麻疹是一种由病毒引起的皮肤病

Treatment

治疗方法

Meals vaccine

麻疹疫苗



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