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CCL每周单词拓展巩固计划(二)——呼吸道疾病和心血管疾病

大家好,我阿汤哥...

啊不,小柠檬又回来啦!!!


这周小柠檬也持续给大家带来我们的CCL拓展之医疗类词汇(二):

Mission Impossible 南波吐——

 呼吸道疾病 

 Respiratory system 

以下词汇有一定的相似度,读音相近或者意思相近,极容易造成翻译错误:

- 1 -

Wheeze 喘息

vs

Sneeze 打喷嚏

例句:

- One of the main symptoms of asthma is wheeze.

- I have been sneezing a lot since yesterday.

- 2 -

Inhaler 哮喘喷雾剂 

vs

Nasal spray 鼻腔喷雾剂

例句:

- An inhaler is commonly used in treating asthma.

- The nasal spray is useful in treating allergic rhinitis.

- 3 -

Mucus 痰,粘液

vs

Phlegm 下呼吸道的痰,粘液

例句:

- When you cough, are you bringing up mucus at the same time?

- There are lots of phlegm building up in my chest and I think I might have a chest infection.

- 4 -

Bronchi 支气管

vs

Airway 气管

例句:

- An inflammation of bronchi will normally cause building up of phlegm.

- The asthma attack is caused by restricted airway.

- 5 -

Swollen 红肿

vs

Tenderness 触痛

例句:

- I sprained my ankle and now it is swollen.

- Such tenderness around your wound indicates inflammation and possible infection.

- 6 -

Suppress 压制

vs

Inhibit 抑制

例句:

- This cough syrup is very effective to suppress your cough.

- This medicine can inhibit the growth of tumor.

- 7 -

      Short of breath 呼吸急促

vs

Pant 大口喘气

例句:

- Last night, I had my first asthma attack and feeling short of breath.

- Any person waking from a nightmare will sit upright and pant.

- 8 -

Running nose 流鼻涕

vs

stuffy/blocked/congested nose 鼻塞

例句:

- A common sign of cold and flu is running nose.

- This nasal spray can treat your stuffy nose quickly.

- 9 -

Croup 哮吼

vs

Cough 咳嗽

例句:

- Croup is a type of respiratory infection that is usually caused by a virus.

- Frequent coughing usually indicates the presence of a disease.

- 10 -

Antiseptic 消毒的

vs

Antibacterial 杀菌的

例句:

- Antiseptic substance inhibits the proliferation of most infectious agents.

- Antibacterial medicine will destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria only.


————————————————华丽的分割线————————————————

心血管疾病介绍

常见的心血管疾病和症状归类

Condition病名

冠心病

( Coronary heart disease )

包括:

心绞痛

( Angina )

心脏病

( heart attack )


Mechanism of disease 病因

Narrowing of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart

由于心脏冠状血管变窄造成对心肌供氧不足。




Diagnosis诊断

Can be diagnosed with ECG

(eletrocardiogram)

可以由心电图确诊


Condition病名

高血压

(Hypertension)

(High blood pressure)

High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms, but sometimes give people headache

高血压是很常见的一种慢性心血管疾病,往往没有明显的症状。头疼为高血压最典型的表症。


Diagnosis诊断

Normal blood pressure for adult is 135 over 85

The measuring unit is called

mmHg - Millimeter of mercury

正常血压值为上压135下压85

测量单位为毫米汞柱




Condition病名

中风

( Stroke )



Mechanism of disease 病因

Stroke is when part of the brain loses its blood supply and the part of the body that the blood-deprived brain cells control stops working.

中风是一种急性脑部缺氧而导致身体某一部位停止工作。




Diagnosis诊断

Can be diagnosed with either CT scan or MRI scan.

CT- X射线计算机断层成像

MRI-核磁共振成像


Condition病名

深静脉血栓

(Deep vein thrombosis)



Mechanism of disease 病因

DVT is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, most commonly the legs.

DVT是由腿部深度静脉血液滞缓形成的血栓。



Diagnosis诊断

Symptoms may include pain, swelling, redness, or warmth of the affected area.

症状有局部疼痛,肿胀,发红,发热





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