• 小果

CCL每周单词拓展巩固计划(三)——心血管疾病

春风拂面艳阳天,

柠檬带着CCL每周单词拓展。

又来到您跟前,

只愿大伙移民5分顺利到手!

——毫无押韵的柠檬自创打油诗



这周小柠檬也持续给大家带来我们的CCL拓展之医疗类词汇(三):

Mission Impossible 南波碎——

 心血管系统 

 Cardiovascular system 


以下词汇有一定的相似度,读音相近或者意思相近,极容易造成翻译错误:

- 1 -

Dyspnea 呼吸困难

vs

Dyspepsia 消化不良

例句:

- Dyspnea is the term used when someone experiences a shortness of breath.

- Dyspepsia is a condition that causes an upset stomach or pain in the upper abdomen.

- 2 -

Palpitation 心悸

vs

Arrhythmia 心律紊乱

例句:

- Palpitation is an uncomfortable feeling within the chest caused by an irregular heartbeat.

- Arrhythmia is a group of conditions where the heartbeat is irregular.

- 3 -

Congenital 先天性的

vs

Genital 生殖器的

例句:

- The baby was born with congenital heart defects.

Genital infections need to be treated immediately.

- 4 -

Cholesterol胆固醇

vs

Steroid 类固醇

例句:

- In our body, there are good and bad cholesterol.

- Certain steroids can be used to treat inflammation.

- 5 -

Edema 浮肿

vs

Swelling 肿胀

例句:

- Edema is swelling caused by fluid accumulation in body tissues.

- Swelling occurs whenever the organs, skin, or other parts of your body enlarge.

- 6 -

Genetic 基因的

vs

Generic 通用的

例句:

- Some cardiovascular diseases are known to link with a certain genetic mutation.

- Generic drugs are copies of brand-name drugs that have exactly the same active ingredients.

- 7 -

Cardiac arrest 心脏骤停

vs

Heart attack 心脏病发作

例句:

- Cardiac arrest is the stopping of the heartbeat, usually because of interference with the electrical signal.

- During a heart attack, blood supply that normally nourishes the heart with oxygen is cut off and the heart muscle begins to die.

- 8 -

Pacemaker 心脏起搏器

vs

Stent 支架

例句:

- Pacemaker is a surgically implanted electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat.

- The stent is A device that is placed at the site of a narrowing artery to keep the artery open.

- 9 -

Lipid 油脂

vs

Fat 脂肪

例句:

- Lipid is a fatty substance that is insoluble in the blood

- Fats are a type of lipid and are technically called triglycerides.

- 10 -

Mortality 死亡率

vs

Morbidity 发病率

例句:

-The mortality is the total number of deaths from a given disease in a population.

-The morbidity is the relative incidence of a particular disease in a specific locality.



糖尿病介绍

不同类别糖尿病的区别

Condition

病名

一型糖尿病

Type I diabetes


Mechanism of disease

病因

Type I diabetes is an auto-immune   condition in which the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the   pancreas which produce insulin.

一型糖尿病是一种免疫系统疾病,多为先天性,多发于青少年。


Treatment

治疗方法

Insulin

胰岛素



Condition

病名

二型糖尿病

Type II diabetes



Mechanism of disease

病因

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas.

二型糖尿病则是大家常见的糖尿病,是由于人体对胰岛素抗性或者胰岛素分泌下降造成的。


Treatment

治疗方法

Diet

饮食

Weight control

体重控制

Medications

药物



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