【PTE干货】PTE 高频summarize spoken test精析 （四:The smile of babies）
The smile of babies
Ever try to get a baby to smile? It can seem close to impossible—and then suddenly there it is: that elusive, seemingly joyous grin. Well it turns out those smiles aren’t spontaneous—they’re strategic.
Researchers have found that when babies smile, it's for a reason. They want whoever they’re interacting with—typically a parent—to smile back. And they time it just so, a smile here and a smile there. The researchers call it sophisticated timing.
The researchers enlisted real mothers and infants and quantified their interactions, which fell into four categories. One: babies wanted to maximize the amount of time smiling at their mothers. Two: they wanted to maximize the time the mothers smiled at them. Three: they wanted to experience simultaneous smiling, and four: no smiling at all.
By studying when smiles happened and what the subsequent effect was, the investigators were able to figure out that for mothers the goal 70 percent of the time was to be smiling simultaneously—while for babies 80 percent of the time they just wanted their mother smiling at them. So, mothers want the interaction, while babies just want to be smiled at.
So your baby may not be able to feed itself, talk or even turn over yet. But when it comes to smiles, babies seem to know exactly what they're up to.
Smile back 向……微笑
Sophisticated timing 成熟时机
Fell into four categories 被分为四类
Subsequent effect 紧接着的效应
Figure out 理解
Turn over 翻身
When it comes to 当提到……的时候
Be up to 想要的／准备做某事
This recording is about a research of the actual meaning of babies’ smile.
The researcher listed four categories of mother-infant interaction which includes maximizing both the time of smiling at their mothers and smiling back from mothers, simultaneous smiling and no smile. According to the results, 70% of the time, babies are just smiling simultaneously. While 80% of the time, they want their mothers to smile back at them.
In conclusion, mothers want the interaction, but babies just want to be smiled back.
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