• 小果

【PTE干货】PTE 高频summarize spoken test精析 (四:The smile of babies)

The smile of babies


主要内容介绍:

这段Scientific American的录音描述了宝宝微笑的原因


笔果还原听力原文:

Ever try to get a baby to smile? It can seem close to impossible—and then suddenly there it is: that elusive, seemingly joyous grin. Well it turns out those smiles aren’t spontaneous—they’re strategic.

Researchers have found that when babies smile, it's for a reason. They want whoever they’re interacting with—typically a parent—to smile back. And they time it just so, a smile here and a smile there. The researchers call it sophisticated timing.

The researchers enlisted real mothers and infants and quantified their interactions, which fell into four categories. One: babies wanted to maximize the amount of time smiling at their mothers. Two: they wanted to maximize the time the mothers smiled at them. Three: they wanted to experience simultaneous smiling, and four: no smiling at all.

By studying when smiles happened and what the subsequent effect was, the investigators were able to figure out that for mothers the goal 70 percent of the time was to be smiling simultaneously—while for babies 80 percent of the time they just wanted their mother smiling at them. So, mothers want the interaction, while babies just want to be smiled at.

So your baby may not be able to feed itself, talk or even turn over yet. But when it comes to smiles, babies seem to know exactly what they're up to.


听力词汇/词组:

Elusive 难懂的,难琢磨的

Seemingly 看起来……

Spontaneous 一时兴起的

Smile back 向……微笑

Sophisticated timing 成熟时机

Fell into four categories 被分为四类

Subsequent effect 紧接着的效应

Figure out 理解

Turn over 翻身

When it comes to 当提到……的时候

Be up to 想要的/准备做某事


SST要点:

1.写出这段录音的主要内容:

This recording is about a research of the actual meaning of babies’ smile.

2. 介绍理论,写出例子:

The researcher listed four categories of mother-infant interaction which includes maximizing both the time of smiling at their mothers and smiling back from mothers, simultaneous smiling and no smile. According to the results, 70% of the time, babies are just smiling simultaneously. While 80% of the time, they want their mothers to smile back at them.

3. 结论:(如果前面miss掉了某一项)

In conclusion, mothers want the interaction, but babies just want to be smiled back.


还想获取PTE更多学术干货?

快来参见我们的笔果学术交流群~

每日RA + 听写练习

助你炸PTE一臂之力!



info@bingolearning.com.au

301/1 Queens Road,

Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia

  • Facebook Social Icon
  • YouTube Social  Icon