• 小果

【PTE干货】PTE 高频summarize spoken test精析 (十六:Identity)

Updated: Sep 5, 2019

Identity

主要内容介绍:这段上课的录音是一段关于identity theory的演讲。


听力音频请戳:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/8CQQYuIggxMMuYBC91KcLA


笔果还原听力原文:

And then in the 1950s, philosophers had this novel idea that perhaps the mind is just identical with the brain. OK? And this hadn’t occurred to philosophers before, and so happen, it happened around the same time the first department of neuroscience started forming like MIT in Sandford so forth. But basically, there are a couple of philosophers both educated here in Oxford Place and Smart, and they made the claim that the mind just is the brain. So that is the identity theory and with identity, identity in logic is the strongest relation. When you have identity between A and B, you don't have two things, you have one thing. Alright? So now when you talk about mental events, you are talking about brain events. Maybe when you talk about brain events, you are talking about mental events. So that's the identity theory. And it is very popular, and the basic idea is that mental properties are just properties of the brain.


听力词汇/词组:

Philosopher 哲学家  

Novel idea 新奇的想法   

Occur to ……想起来

Neuroscience 神经科学   

Identity theory 相同理论

Mental events 脑部活动  

The properties of … ……的特点


SST要点:

1.写出这段录音的主要内容:

This lecture introduces the novel idea of identity theory and how it emerged over the years.

2. 逐条介绍材料中提到的要点:

The speakers mentioned that in the 1950s, it hasn’t occurred to philosophers that the brain and mind might be the same thing. After the first department of neuroscience started forming, some philosophers claim that the mind is the brain. The lecturer introduced an example of the application of identity theory in logic.

3. 如果前面少了一个点:

Therefore, mental properties are just brain properties judged by the identity theory.  


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