【PTE学术干货】最新高频Retell lecture精析 （十四：Focus Group）
Okay, to help you with your research, I just want to give you some tips today on using focus groups. These are groups of people you get together to find out about their opinions and attitudes. For example, to review a piece of work, or just basically provide some collective input to help you with whatever you are researching. First of all, how large should a focus group be? Well, I would say that an ideal number of participants is around 6 or 7. If it’s any bigger, what quite often happens is they break into side conversations, and the focus is lost. If it is any smaller, you may not get the range of views that you need to get a really good discussion. Secondly, it is important that you have a moderator for the group, who is able to facilitate and guide the discussions. The moderator must ensure that everyone participates and stop anyone dominating. And also, the moderator must make sure that the discussion don’t go off in the wrong direction. And thirdly, in order to help the group focus on what’s required, some basic materials should be used, particularly to kickstart the discussions. These may be in the form of pictures, photos, diagrams, graphs etc. and will help the group to understand the context of what needs to be discussed.
Focus group 焦点小组
Get together 聚集到一起
Find out 找出
Collective input 集体观点
Ideal number 理想数字
The speaker mainly talked about the focus group and three things we should consider when using a focus group.
2. 描述第一个注意事项：focus group的大小
Firstly, the ideal number of the focus group should consist ideally 6-7 people. If it’s bigger, side conversations might emerge. If it’s smaller, you might not get the range of views you intended.
3. 描述第二个注意事项：focus group需要有一个调解者。
Secondly, the speaker mentioned the importance of having a moderator in the focus group who is able to facilitate and guide the discussion, make sure everyone participates and nobody is dominating, and ensure the direction of the discussion.
4. 描述第三个注意事项：focus group 讨论所需要的材料
Thirdly, the speaker mentioned the materials needed for the focus group discussion, which include photos, diagrams or pictures.
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