【PTE学术干货】最新高频Retell lecture精析 （十二：First robot）
This is the kind of object that you probably all familiar with when you hear the term robots. But I am gonna show you the very, very first robots. These were the very first robots. Uh, they were characters in a play in the 1920s called the Rossum’s Universal Robots. And the play was written by (人名) Karel Capek. And basically these robots, you know, people tend to think of robots as kind of cute, cuddly toys or Hollywood depictions, kind of devoid of politics. But the first robots were actually created and imagined in an absolute political turmoil. You just had the first World War, you know, finished, and had a devastated impact across Europe, (Gibberish) People were kind of reflecting on what does it mean to be human, what makes the human, those kind of questions. This kind of context is what inspired Capek to write this play. Interestingly, these robots have been human, they were actually in the play, assembled on the production line, a bit like the Ford manufacturing production line. So even though they are human, they are assembled, and these robots (were) designed to labor as their primary purpose in society.
Familiar with 熟悉
Political turmoil 政治动乱
Reflect on 回顾，回想，
Production line 生产线
Primary purpose 主要目的
This lecture focus on the early robots and their background.
The speaker showed the early robots to the students and explained that normally people consider robots as cute, cuddly and devoid of politics.
The early robots were created and imagined in 1920s for a play, during which the WW1 has just finished and had a huge impact across Europe. Robots were created during absolute political turmoil.
People were reflecting on some questions regarding the purpose of human being and what makes human. Some of the robots were designed to act as labor in society and assembled on the production line as the Ford company.
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