Updated: Oct 19, 2019
“ 哮 喘 ”
Asthma symptoms include difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. These symptoms can become severe and lead to a life-threatening asthma emergency.
Difficulty breathing 呼吸困难
Shortness of breath 气短/呼吸急促
Asthma symptoms are caused by the muscles tightening around the airways, andswelling and mucus production inside the airways.
Muscles tightening 肌肉的紧绷
Mucus production 分泌粘液
Allergy triggers that can lead to asthma symptoms include:
Dust mites 尘螨
Animal dander 动物皮屑
Mould spore 霉菌袍子
Doctors do not use one specific test to diagnose asthma. Your doctor first needs to understand your symptoms and eliminate other possible causes of them. In people older than 6 years, a lung function test that measures airflow in and out of lungs will help your doctor to diagnose asthma.
Diagnose asthma 诊断哮喘
Lung function test= Spirometry 肺活量测定法
Airflow in and out of lungs 肺部的进出气流
You can discuss the diary of symptoms with your doctor. Your doctors will ask other questions, such as whether there is any family history of asthma, eczema or hey fever. They’ll also try to understand if there are any other reasons for your symptoms before making a clinical diagnosis of asthma.
Diary of symptoms 症状日记
Family history 家族史
Clinical diagnosis 临床诊断